The provision of sufficient amounts of drinking water, and in acceptable quality, is becoming increasingly problematic for private households, agriculture and industry worldwide.
It's the world's economically poorest who suffer the most under the increasing shortage of water resources. Half the population in developing countries - around 2.5 billion people - live without sanitation and around 900 million people do not have sustainable access to clean, safe water.
The main causes for pollution and scarcity of natural water resources are:
- Lack or non-existent water protection and pollution control,
- insufficient sanitation,
- harmful substances from industry and agriculture,
- overexploitation of existing sources,
- climate change and
- extreme weather conditions.
Additionally, water polluted by faeces cause many waterborne diseases, which kill around 1.9 million people each year; an additional 1.2 million die from malaria.
Welthungerhilfe sees the growing global problem in terms of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) as a central challenge to overcome poverty and hunger. Improved access to water and sanitation are the main goals in order to ameliorate health of the people in the project area; but it will also improve the economic circumstances and the environment. (mehr...)